By Clinton Doak

When asked, many people will tell you that the happiest day of their lives is either their wedding day or the day their children were born. Truly momentous events in our life are few and far between, and, for some of us, a unique wildlife encounter can certainly rank as equally life-changing. Such was the case for six colleagues and I who were left standing on the verge of tears on a diminutive island beach in Dong Mo Lake, just outside of Hanoi, Vietnam.

The TSA / ATP team pays close attention for signs of the legendary Dong Mo turtle.

On an overcast day in early February, Turtle Survival Alliance (TSA) Chief Operating Officer Andrew Walde, San Diego Zoo Global’s Brett Baldwin, four Asian Turtle Program (ATP) staff, and I, slowly motored out to a small horseshoe shaped island in Dong Mo to chance our luck at seeing the rarest turtle and one of the planet’s rarest animals, the Yangtze Giant Softshell turtle (Rafetus swinhoei). Outfitted with binoculars and bodies pumping with the adrenaline of anticipation we scanned the surface of the massive lake for a sighting as rare as the turtle itself. Aided by some of the best Rafetus field technicians in Vietnam and a large dose of luck, the day would prove to be one we will never forget.

After an hour of scanning the murky waters of Dong Mo with no signs of turtle activity, a large splash erupted from the water’s surface about 20 meters from where we stood on shore. One of the ATP staff had been looking that way and said it was the turtle! Some rubbing transpired about not being able to tell a fish from a turtle, but this particular ATP staff has probably seen Rafetus more times than anyone on earth, so we deferred to their knowledge. Despite the teasing, a quiet fell over the group, and everyone went on high-alert, not deviating their eyes from the lake’s surface. Shortly thereafter, the sun broke through the clouds and an almost mythical animal slowly raised its head from the murky waters, seemingly to catch a glimpse of us. Everyone had excellent views of this magnificent creature with its dappled head patterns glistening in the sun. In a matter of seconds from the time it surfaced, the animal disappeared once more below the water’s surface. Seven grown men were left hollering, cheering, and hugging from this short glimpse of a specimen who represents one quarter of the species’ known population. We had just seen the legendary Rafetus swinhoei in its natural habitat—an animal defiant to the death knell of extinction.

Over the course of a half-hour the Dong Mo Rafetus swinhoei was sighted five times.

With the sun continuing to illuminate the water’s surface, the turtle graced us with its presence four more times that day. Reveling in the experience, the good fortune was universally felt by the entire team. As the day on the lake drew to a close, we clamored back into the small boat. Emotions ran high and the jubilant hollering of hours before had drawn to a quite chatter as we slowly made our way back to the shore where our taxi awaited us. Noticing that Andrew grown a bit quieter than most, I asked what was up, and he replied, “My emotions are swirling. I’ve been somewhat involved with Rafetus for over 10 years; I’ve never seen one. I’m scared to talk as I might start crying. It’s beautiful. I can’t believe we are so close to losing them.”

On the ride back to our quarters, a peaceful quite fell over us as our emotions continued to swirl, all of us in silent contemplation of the moment we had shared. Brett slowly started to speak, breaking the silence as he verbally processed what had just occurred. “We sat on the shore for an hour with binoculars, when Rafetus splashed up right in front of us. I never expected to see him. He popped up several times. It was pretty intense—we hugged and high-fived each other with tears in our eyes. It was definitely one of those once-in-a-lifetime moments I will never forget.”

Jack Carney, Clint Doak, Andrew Walde, Brett Baldwin, and Nguyen Tai Thang enjoy an unforgettable day in Vietnam.

This experience, and feelings shared by our team will forever connect the seven of us. We can’t thank ATP enough for facilitating our visit, the great conversations, and helping to fulfill a fantasy. For turtle conservationists, the Yangtze Giant Softshell is the holy grail of turtles. This is a species that we have spent years, some of us over a decade, trying to save from extinction’s eternal grasp. Seeing this turtle where it rightly belongs, in the wild, is honestly a feeling that can’t be put into words. These fleeting moments are what we work for as conservationists. The five interactions with the Dong Mo turtle, totaling maybe one full minute of actually viewing the animal, make every drop of blood, sweat, and tears we put into chelonian conservation worth it. Although the main purpose of our visit to Vietnam was to discuss upcoming conservation efforts for this species in the country, the moment in time we experienced with the legendary turtle of Dong Mo Lake will continue to fuel our internal fires for its species’ preservation.

With a full-scale, multi-organizational effort underway to find more specimens, please continue to pay attention to the TSA newsletter and Social Media as more updates become available in the coming months. 


  1. DRF on March 13, 2019 at 3:09 pm

    Hooray! It is too bad we have not yet heard the pitter-patter of little flippers from the two specimens in Changsha, but perhaps this will be good luck.

  2. william dennler on March 13, 2019 at 3:21 pm

    I’m jealous, guys!!!

  3. Paul Licht on March 13, 2019 at 3:25 pm

    Are you sure you were seeing the same individuall?

  4. Allen Lloyd on March 13, 2019 at 3:25 pm

    Simply amazing Clint!!! Wonderful Article!!

  5. Guy Mattola on March 13, 2019 at 3:25 pm

    Well Done, don’t stop

  6. Chris Nicolosi on March 13, 2019 at 4:20 pm

    Why wasn’t it captured and added to the breeding program in Changsha? A specimen that represents one quarter of the known population. I would think breeding viability and adding genetic diversity would be crucial. If the existing breeding program doesn’t produce offspring we might regret not adding this specimen to the existing breeding program we might end up with a loss to a boat propeller or another lonesome George.

    • Patrick on March 19, 2019 at 6:32 pm

      The Chinese and Vietnamese do not play well together – but I heard there might be some talks in the works.

  7. Anne Rockwell on March 13, 2019 at 4:49 pm

    TSA could take the other 3 Giant Turtles and put them in this same area; this would be their best chance of reproducing; AR;

    • Javier zambrano on April 11, 2020 at 5:04 am

      Vi este episodio y me parecio super emocionante… desiste an en encontrar Dios permita una hembra….excelente trabajo…bogota ( Colombia )

  8. Philip Wilson on March 13, 2019 at 8:37 pm

    Exhilarating for everyone involved. Was there a breeding attempt made for the captive specimens in 2018?

  9. Turtle Tim on March 13, 2019 at 9:33 pm

    A pleasure to work with you guys, lets hope we have more exciting news in the near future.

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  11. John Stuckert on March 13, 2019 at 11:43 pm

    I agree with those above… all the know specimens need to be together in the same program. It worked with the California Condor.

  12. Alessandro Nati Fornetti on March 14, 2019 at 3:26 pm

    Let’s hope in some luck, this time…

  13. Carol McFall on March 15, 2019 at 3:20 am

    Great article Clinton. I totally enjoyed it. We are very lucky to have shared the photo. I am very excited for all involved.

  14. Allison Alberts on March 16, 2019 at 3:05 am


  15. Rohan H Holloway on March 21, 2019 at 11:00 pm

    Fantastic article and what a special moment. I don’t envy anyone trying to deal with the political intricacies of getting animals from Vietnam and China into one place and would be stunned if it were pulled off. Great work team.

  16. Rohan H Holloway on March 24, 2019 at 10:23 pm

    Great work to you all, and a great article that has filled me up with the excitement of what it means to be a passionate turtle person or someone with a reasonable turtle substitute (to paraphrase the great Peter Pritchard).

  17. Mark Berry on March 25, 2019 at 7:17 pm

    Keep up the great work!

  18. Edwin on April 9, 2020 at 5:02 am

    Cheers !

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